Chijioke Mama

12.05.2017, Chijioke Mama 

Can Software Help Drive Solar Power Competitiveness in Africa?

Cost consideration is a major barrier to solar power adoption in Africa where consumer purchasing power may be several magnitudes lower than that in developed countries. In addition to cost concerns, solar power promoters also face further consumer concerns with operational challenges; this is especially true with mini grids and hybrid solar systems that target business owners. How do businesses effectively and efficiently manage the operation of their solar mini grids to optimize reliability and justify the overall investment? For stakeholders in the on grid solar power (utility-scale), there is also the challenge of optimizing operation and maintenance, as well as, achieving effective reporting standards and practices for named stakeholders in a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA).

Can solar power leverage software advancements to attain better competitiveness? Especially in African markets where a number of solar adoption and deployment hurdles still exist. Invariably, Information Technology tools are increasingly proving to be a valid means of improving the operability of solar power installations – both in mini grids and on grid installations. With a difficult terrain in several places in Africa, the use of solar software promises to be a good way to allay some consumer’s concern on ease of asset administration, as well as, on-grid investor’s willingness to play in these markets.

How can software practically help to improve solar power attractiveness and ease of deployments in Africa?

Software’s usefulness

Solar PV Monitoring Dashboard | Credit: SunReports

Perhaps these early days of solar power development in the continent provide ample opportunities to champion a well-rounded relationship between solar and software solutions. Since reliable power is the principal demand of mini grid power consumers and reliable output the overriding target of on grid asset owners; software that helps to guarantee reliable outputs are of immense value to stakeholders. Experts believe that software is fast becoming an integral tool for solar power projects. For this unarguable relationship to be nurtured and optimized in Africa, “home grown” software solutions may be critical. Home grown in this sense does not necessarily imply “developed in Africa by Africans” but refers to solutions whose architecture are consciously suited/adapted to reflect peculiar challenges of operating solar installations in Africa.

From production forecasting to design optimization, grid integration, Operation and Maintenance; solar software has a growing number of roles they play in solar system deployment. Even in moderately mature and maturing-markets outside Africa, software is pushing its way into solar markets.

Software solutions can also be used to achieve much remotely. For example, if an asset has some reasonable number of smart devices and sensors deployed on site (though with an additional cost); big data and analytics tools provide a way to improve efficiency and save cost through remote monitoring. Similarly; where a large number of personnel may have been otherwise required on site, solar software solutions that simplify administrative, operation and maintenance tasks could lower personnel requirement while delivering better asset performance.


Chijioke Mama is a Senior Energy Analyst, Strategy Consultant and Syndicated Columnist.








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